Construction, characterization, and selected site-specific mutagenesis of an anti-single stranded DNA single-chain autoantibody
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Single-chain antibodies are comprised of immunoglobulin light and heavy chain variable domains joined through a polypeptide linker. A single-chain autoantibody, containing the 14-amino acid 212-polypeptide linker (GSTSGSGKSSEGKG), was constructed based on the light and heavy chain variable region gene sequences of anti-single-stranded DNA autoantibody BV04-01 (IgG2b, kappa). Following protein expression in Escherichia coli, denaturation, refolding, and affinity purification, single-chain autoantibody 04-01 binding with single-stranded DNA and poly(dT) was characterized in solid-phase and solution-phase assays. Homopolymer ligand binding results demonstrated that single-chain autoantibody 04-01 possessed anti-DNA binding properties similar to BV04-01 IgG and Fab fragments. Based on x-ray crystallographic analyses of BV04-01, site-specific mutagenesis studies were conducted on 2 residues (L32Tyr and H100aTrp) involved in aromatic stacking interactions with the middle thymidine of a (dT)3 ligand.
Construction, characterization, and selected site-specific mutagenesis of an anti-single stranded DNA single-chain autoantibody. Catherine A. Rumbley, Lisa K. Denzin, Leslie Saucedo, Sergey Yu Tetin and Edward W. Voss, Jr. (1993) Journal of Biological Chemistry 268: 13667-13674.