Detecting CP violation in a single neutrino oscillation channel at very long baselines
Physical Review C
We propose a way of detecting CP violation in a single neutrino oscillation channel at very long baselines (on the order of several thousands of kilometers), given precise knowledge of the smallest mass-squared difference. It is shown that CP violation can be characterized by a shift in L/E of the peak oscillation in the ?e-?? appearance channel, both in vacuum and in matter. In fact, matter effects enhance the shift at a fixed energy. We consider the case in which sub-GeV neutrinos are measured with varying baseline and also the case of a fixed baseline. For the varied baseline, accurate knowledge of the absolute neutrino flux would not be necessary; however, neutrinos must be distinguishable from antineutrinos. For the fixed baseline, it is shown that CP violation can be distinguished if the mixing angle ?13 were known.
Latimer, D, J Escamilla, and D Ernst. "Detecting Cp Violation in a Single Neutrino Oscillation Channel at Very Long Baselines." Physical Review C. 76.5 (2007). Print.