Isolation and characterization of Leishmania mutants defective in glycosomal protein import
Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Kinetoplastid parasites contain a unique microbody organelle called the glycosome. Several important metabolic pathways found in the cytoplasm of higher eukaryotes are compartmentalized within the glycosome in these pathogens. This fundamental difference between the host and parasite has led to consideration of the glycosome as a potential chemotherapeutic target. The genetic basis of glycosome biogenesis is therefore of great interest. This report describes the isolation of multiple Leishmania mutant cell lines defective in glycosomal protein import, and the detailed characterization of three such lines. The mutants examined partially mislocalize a subset of glycosomal proteins to the cytosol yet retain wild-type numbers of glycosomes. One of the mutants has a mutation in the previously identified LdPEX2 (GIM1) gene. The other two mutants are demonstrated to contain cell-specific lesions in one or more genes distinct from PEX2. The identification of multiple genetically distinct mutants with defects in glycosome import provides an important genetic tool to facilitate the identification of genes involved in glycosome biogenesis.
Mannion-Henderson, Jane, John A. Flaspohler, Kayde R. Lemley, Wayne L. Rickoll, and Marilyn Parsons. "Isolation and Characterization of Leishmania Mutants Defective in Glycosomal Protein Import." Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 106.2 (2000): 225-237. Print.