Meeting the curricular needs of academically low-achieving students in middle grade mathematics
The Journal of Special Education
An important component of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Standards is the equity principle: All students should have access to a coherent, challenging mathematics curriculum. Many in the mathematics reform community have maintained that this principle can be achieved through one well-designed curriculum. However, the extant research on equity—which focuses on either ethnic diversity or academic achievement—suggests that this principle is illusive. The current study compares the effectiveness of two curricula in teaching a range of math concepts to 53 (28 male; 25 female) middle school students at risk for special education services in math. The yearlong, quasi-experimental study involved achievement and attitudinal measures. Results indicated that students in the intervention group who used materials designed according to instructional principles described in the special education literature achieved higher academic outcomes ( p < .05, p < .001) and had more positive attitudes toward math (p < .001) than did students in the comparison group.
Woodward, John, and Cyrus Brown. 2006. "Meeting the Curricular Needs of Academically Low-Achieving Students in Middle Grade Mathematics." The Journal Of Special Education 40(3): 151-159.