Effects Of Simultaneous Stimulus Presentation And Attention Switching On Memory Conjunction Errors
Journal Of Memory And Language
Examined whether false alarms to conjunction stimuli in a recognition test decrease as the relative distance on the study list between the parent items increases in 4 experiments. In Exp 1, 108 Ss studied a series of face pairs; within-pair faces were presented simultaneously, with one just above the other. Results indicate that there was a strong proximity effect for conjunction stimuli on the subsequent recognition test, with the most false alarms occurring for within-pair conjunction faces. In Exp 2, 108 Ss studied the same faces as Exp 1 with the exception that the faces within each pair were presented sequentially rather than simultaneously. Results indicate that there was no evidence whatsoever for proximity effects. In Exp 3, 120 Ss looked at the same faces as Ss in Exp 1 and 2 with the exception that Exp 3 utilized a single design in which some Ss received sequential presentations and others received simultaneous presentations of within-pair faces. Results show that proximity effects occur only for simultaneously presented faces. In Exp 4, 48 Ss were presented within pair faces one at a time. Results indicate that when attention is switched back and forth between faces, those facial features are especially susceptible to miscombination on subsequent memory tests.
Reinitz, Mark Tippens, and Sharon L. Hannigan. 2001. "Effects of simultaneous stimulus presentation and attention switching on memory conjunction errors." Journal Of Memory And Language 44(2): 206-219.