The Role Of Models In Secondary Science Instruction
Remedial And Special Education
Examines approaches to teaching science to secondary students with learning disabilities and describes the use of a model to enhance teaching of scientific understanding. Three instructional strategies for improving science understanding are discussed: direct instruction, in which new words and concepts are presented using clear, consistent definitions; mnemonics, used to link target words to carefully chosen illustrations; and graphic organizers and study guides, which require students to classify information, establish relationships, and draw inferences. The limitations of the strategies are discussed in terms of the increasing complexity of secondary-education materials. A curriculum revision method emphasizing models that enhance understanding and develop effective explanatory frameworks is recommended as an effective alternative to traditional instruction strategies. Examples of models used to teach weather and climate are included.
Woodward, John. 1994. "The role of models in secondary science instruction." Remedial And Special Education 15(2): 94-104.