First contact: Initial responses to cultural disequilibrium in a short term teaching exchange program
International Journal of Intercultural Relations
This paper examines early aspects of intercultural learning among pre-service teachers from Japan and the United States during a short-term international exchange program. Using insights from Taylor's (1994) theory of intercultural development, the research uses qualitative methodology to describe experiences of cultural disequilibrium and various responses to disequilibrium by participants in the exchange. Findings suggest a range of related sources of cultural disequilibrium across culture groups. Eight strategic responses to disequilibrium are identified, and implications for early engagements with cultural difference for beginning teachers are discussed. The research seeks to clarify the role that short term immersion experiences can play in the understanding and development of early intercultural competence and to identify connections between such experiences and teacher education.
Hamel, Fred L, Kensuke Chikamori, Yumiko Ono, and Jane Williams. "First Contact: Initial Responses to Cultural Disequilibrium in a Short Term Teaching Exchange Program." International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 34.6 (2010): 600-614. Print.