Courage, Creativity and Innovation in Educational Leadership and Transformation

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As President of the Northwest Indian College, Crazy Bull gives a brief history of Native American education under the U.S. government, and the legacy of White attempts to eradicate Native culture, including intentional genocide, the reservation system, relocation, and boarding schools. She then describes the tribal college and tribally-controlled education movement. Native educators have created a pedagogy based on distinctive and place-based ways of knowing, a restorative education grounded in social justice. Native pedagogy honors indigenous people, in an environment where tribal knowledge is taught, where Native spirituality is respected, where indigenous people have ownership and management of resources. It is a teaching and learning environment that is student-directed and embedded in life of community; its role is to create a fuller person.