Activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living
Willard and Spackman’s Occupational Therapy
This Twelfth Edition, continues in the tradition of coverage of critical concepts and practices that have long made this text the leading resource for Occupational Therapy students. Students using this text will learn how to apply client-centered, occupational, evidence based approach across the full spectrum of practice settings. Peppered with first-person narratives, which offer a unique perspective on the lives of those living with disease, this new edition has been fully updated with a visually enticing full color design, and even more photos and illustrations. Vital pedagogical features, including case studies, Practice Dilemmas, and Provocative questions, help position students in the real world of occupational therapy practice to help prepare them to react appropriately. This text provides the most comprehensive and current presentation of occupational therapy concepts and practice. The 12th edition of this classic text invites students with a fresh, four-color design and new photos and illustrations, as well as the fully updated text.
James, A. B. (2014). Activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living. In: Schell, B. A. B., Gillen, G., & Scaffa, M. (Eds.), Willard and Spackman’s Occupational Therapy (12th ed). Philadephia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.