Integrated Learning - Explicit Strategies And Their Role In Problem-solving Instruction For Students With Learning-disabilities
This study investigated the effectiveness of an explicit strategy as a means of linking facts, concepts, and problem solving in an unfamiliar domain of learning. Participants were 37 secondary students with learning disabilities. All students were taught health facts and concepts, which they then applied to problem-solving exercises presented through computer-simulation games. Students in the experimental group were taught an explicit strategy for solving the problems; the comparison group was given supportive feedback and encouraged to induce their own strategies. The explicit strategy group performed significantly better on two transfer measures, including videotaped problem-solving exercises.
Hollingsworth, M., and John Woodward. 1993. "Integrated Learning - Explicit Strategies and their Role in Problem-Solving Instruction for Students with Learning-Disabilities." Exceptional Children 59(5): 444-455.