Physical Review D
Science, Technology and Society
Using a new approach, we propose an analogue of the Fizeau effect for massive and massless particles in an effective optical medium derived from the static, spherically symmetric gravitational field. The medium is naturally perceived as a dispersive medium by matter de Broglie waves. Several Fresnel drag coefficients are worked out, with appropriate interpretations of the wavelengths used. In two cases, it turns out that the coefficients become independent of the wavelength even if the equivalent medium itself is dispersive. A few conceptual issues are also addressed in the process of derivation. It is shown that some of our results complement recent work dealing with real fluid or optical black holes.
Nandi, K. K., Yz Zhang, Pm Alsing, James C. Evans, et al. 2003. "Analogue of the Fizeau effect in an effective optical medium." Physical Review D 67(2): 025002-025002.