American Journal Of Physics
Science, Technology and Society
Through the use of the optical-mechanical analogy, Newton's law of motion may be cast into the same form as the equation for the ray in the geometrical optics of gradient-index media. The resulting equation is called the ray form of Newton's law of motion. The same equation may be derived by taking the geometrical optics limit of quantum mechanics. The ray form of Newton's law of motion is derived in three different ways and is applied in the solution of several problems.
Evans, James C.. 1993. "The Ray Form of Newton Law of Motion." American Journal Of Physics 61(4): 347-350.