Migration Of Objects And Inferences Across Episodes
Memory & Cognition
Experiment 1 tested for semantic constraints on the memorial migration of objects from one episode to another. 48 undergraduates viewed action sequences depicting typical episodes. Experiment 2 tested for cross-episode migration of inferred events. 144 undergraduates participated in this experiment. Participants viewed episodes in the form of a series of photographs portraying ordinary routines (e.g., eating at a restaurant) and later received a recognition test. In Experiment 1, it was shown that objects (e.g., a vase of flowers, a pewter lantern) that appeared in a single episode during the study phase migrated between memories of episodes described by the same abstract schema (e.g., from Restaurant Episode A at study to Restaurant Episode B at test), and not between episodes anchored by different schemas. In Experiment 2, it was demonstrated that backward causal inferences from one study episode influenced memories of other episodes described by the same schema, and that high-schema-relevant items viewed in one episode were sometimes remembered as having occurred in another episode of the same schematic type.
Hannigan, Sharon L., and Mark Tippens Reinitz. 2003. "Migration of objects and inferences across episodes." Memory & Cognition 31(3): 434-444.