Electrical Currents

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Publication Title

Physical agents in rehabilitation : from research to practice


Physical Therapy


Presenting a variety of treatment choices supported by the latest clinical research, this 4th edition is a guide to the safe, most effective use of physical agents in the rehabilitation practice. Coverage in this new edition includes the most up-to-date information on thermal agents, ultrasound, electrical currents, hydrotherapy, traction, compression, lasers, and electromagnetic radiation. Straightforward explanations make it easy to integrate physical agents into patients' overall rehabilitation plans. Includes comprehensive coverage of all physical agents includes the benefits, correct applications, and issues related to thermal agents, hydrotherapy, traction, compression, ultrasound, electrical currents, and electromagnetic radiation. Clinical case studies help sharpen your decision-making skills regarding important treatment choices and effective applications. Up-to-date, evidence-based practices ensure the use of the best approach supported by research. Contraindications and Precautions boxes explain the safe use and application of physical agents with up-to-date warnings for optimum care paths. Clinical Pearl boxes emphasize the tips and tricks of patient practice. Application techniques in step-by-step, illustrated resource boxes help provide safe and effective treatments. New video clips on companion Evolve site demonstrate techniques and procedures described in the text. New content specific to OTs has been added to the core text including upper extremity cases for all physical agent chapters. New organization of the text by agent type increases the book's ease of use. New expanded sections on thermal agents and electrical currents will give students a better understanding of how to use these types of agents in practice.