Safety, Productivity and the Social Relations in Production: An Empirical Study of Worker Cooperatives
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
Sociology & Anthropology
The idea that worker co-operatives offer the possibility of increasing productivity without sacrificing workers' safety and health is investigated. Ten worker co-operatives and four conventional capitalist firms in the Pacific Northwest plywood industry are studied. Co-operatives have worse productivity and safety records than conventional firms. Lower productivity is due to the unexpected behaviour that emerges in co-operatives relying heavily on hired labour. Higher levels of accidents are due to different reporting practices arising from different social relations in production. Co-operatives tend to over-report their accidents whereas conventional firms under-report accidents.
Grunberg, Leon. "Safety, Productivity and the Social Relations in Production: an Empirical Study of Worker Cooperatives." International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. 6.4 (1986): 87-102. Print.