This thesis examines two court cases undertaken by the Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma and residents of Ponca City and the surrounding areas against two polluting corporations on their land: Conoco and Continental Carbon. By analyzing the history of history of the Ponca alongside the history of Native American relations to the petroleum industry and the history of EPA enforcement problems, the paper sets out to demonstrate that the unique position of Native American tribes in the United States allows them to employ what Klyza and Sousa term "alternative pathways" in fighting environmental injustice.
Bachelor of Arts in History
Date of Award
Fournet, Douglas, ""I See Genocide" - The Struggles of the Ponca Nation to Reclaim Their City From Polluters" (2018). History Theses. 30.