Nationalism is usually considered a modern socio-political development and a product of the French and Industrial Revolutions. However most scholarship done on nationalism largely overlooks religion, and excludes both its presence in the Middle Ages and its development in Scandinavia--focusing heavily on German, British, French, and Central European variations of nationalism. For Scandinavians in the late Middle Ages and Early Modern era, nationalism did not emerge exactly like their European counterparts. It was the product of early religious, technological, and economic changes over the course of the 15th and 16th Centuries that restructured European politics, society, and identity. Using early Swedish state building as a historical case study, the debate surrounding the origins nationalism extend the socio-political phenomenon into the Middle Ages and can offer new connections between nationalism today and the Middle Ages in general.

First Advisor

Douglas Sackman

Second Advisor

Katherine A. Smith

Degree Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts in History

Date of Award

Spring 5-16-2021