Outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) has obvious economic and political connections between the recipient and donor countries. Such investment can benefit both sides and carry certain costs to both, whether through global scrutiny or domestic struggles. This these seeks to add to the ongoing discussion of China's OFDI to Africa by comparing China's investment during its socialist period (1949-1976) and its post-socialist era (1977 – present). This comparison reveals that China's foreign policy has transitioned from a socialist paradigm to a capitalist one in the last seven decades, which brought significant changes in its OFDI policies and practice. In the socialist paradigm, the case study is focused on Tanzania and Zambia, and for the capitalist paradigm, the focus is Zambia and Sudan. The thesis argues that China's OFDI strongly connects to its foreign policy, which in turn correlates to China's economic and political agenda. Researching the paradigms then reveals how economic and political agendas impact the recipient OFDI country, depending on China's motives.

First Advisor

Yige Dong

Degree Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts in International Political Economy

Date of Award

Spring 5-21-2020