Faculty Advisor

Sousa, David

Area of Study

Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences

Publication Date

Summer 2018


Transportation infrastructure provides an excellent lens through which to look at environmental justice. There is legislation in place that should prevent or at least draw significant attention to environmental justice, yet new freeways are still being proposed which continue to commit the same environmental injustices as decades past. With grassroots opposition as a primary form of resistance, this paper investigates the tools available to activists, as well as the ones most effective in ensuring success of the movement. I also consider what accounts for the difference in outcomes of resistance movements, why some community movements are successful in stopping a project or securing adequate mitigation measures while others are not. Is this difference in outcomes due to actions by the activists, factors out of their control, or a combination of both? And what can be learned from these successes and failures that can help inform future community anti-freeway efforts?


University of Puget Sound