Faculty Advisor

Burgard, Dan

Area of Study

Science and Mathematics

Publication Date

Summer 2021


In 2018, Washington passed the first state-wide drug Take-Back program, its goal was to give residents a safer way to dispose of their unwanted prescription drugs and protect the environment. This study proposes to use Wastewater-Based-Epidemiology (WBE) to measure the effectiveness of this program. Hydrocodone is a common compound found in painkillers and will be used as the model drug to evaluate the effectiveness of the Take-Back program. Hydrocodone and its metabolite, nor-hydrocodone, will be quantified in wastewater and trends in the ratio of these two compounds will potentially be an effective indicator of success of the program.


Clare Boothe Luce


University of Puget Sound