This paper reviews the recent literature on the role that parenting has in the evelopment of youth anxiety. Research indicates that certain parenting behaviors may be risk factors for youth anxiety problems. Three dimensions of parenting are examined as potential risk factors for youth anxiety: negative parenting behaviors (i.e. control and rejection), anxious rearing, and poor parental discipline practices. This review presents evidence for each of these dimensions as risk factors for anxiety, while also acknowledging this body of literature’s methodological considerations and shortcomings. Finally, this paper concludes with a proposal for a study that examines whether a variety of parental discipline practices are associated with greater levels of anxiety disorders and trait anxiety in youth. Parent and child gender effects on the association between parental discipline and youth anxiety problems will also be assessed.
Psychology 401: Perspectives