The effect of music on isokinetic peak torque during performance in female collegiate athletes


BACKGROUND: Studies—focused mainly on cycle ergometry, treadmill exercise and psychological impacts, while largely ignoring isokinetic exercise, have found that music can significantly improve exercise performance.

OBJECTIVE: This study proposed to investigate the effect of up-tempo music on isokinetic peak torque as measured by the knee extensors.

METHODS: Researchers recruited 25 female collegiate varsity athletes, who performed concentric knee extensions on the Cybex NORM for 4 sessions separated by at least 24 hours. Each session, with randomized up-tempo music and no-music conditions, subjects performed submaximal and maximal concentric knee extensions at five velocities (60, 120, 180, 240, and 300 deg/sec) to achieve peak torque with a one-minute rest between sets. A paired t-test (α < 0.05) was performed between music and no-music conditions for the five velocities.

RESULTS: Researchers marked no significant difference in performance between musical conditions at any velocity.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study agree with previous isokinetic research: Music did not significantly affect isokinetic performance. Results could be attributed to music’s reduced effect on trained athletes or music’s inability to affect exercise fueled mainly by the ATP-PC system. Future isokinetic research should consider testing untrained subjects and isokinetic endurance.

First Advisor

Barbara Warren

Degree Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Exercise Science

Date of Award

Spring 4-18-2016

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